How To Master Your Emotional Intelligence Chapter 1 – What Is Emotional Intelligence?
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Our emotional mind will harness the rational mind to its purposes because our feelings and reactions – rationalizations – justify them in terms of the present moment without recognizing the influence of our emotional memory. In 1920, Professor Thorndike’s theory of “social intelligence” defined it as “the ability to understand and guide men and women, boys and girls, to act wisely in human relationships.” In further attempts to define emotional intelligence (EI), it was noted in 1940 that there were two types of intelligence, “intellectual” and “non-intellectual,” within the intelligence quotient theory. However, EI has always been a part of the holistic definition of intelligence. In his definition of intelligence, Wechsler referred to EI as “the global capacity of the individual to engage effectively with his environment.”
The theory of multiple intelligences proposed by Gardner and Qualter suggested interpersonal intelligence and intrapersonal intelligence. Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to understand other people’s perceptions and desires, while intrapersonal intelligence is the ability to control and understand oneself.
Emotional intelligence is best described as the ability to observe one’s own emotions and those of others, to distinguish between different emotions and name them appropriately, and to use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior.
Salovey et al. have proposed three models of EI. The “ability model” focuses on the individual’s ability to process emotional information and use it to navigate the social environment. The “trait model,” developed by Konstantin Vasily Petrides, “includes behavioral dispositions and self-perceived abilities and is measured by self-report.” The “mixed model” is a combination of ability and trait EI. It defines EI as a set of skills and traits that drive leadership performance, as proposed by Goleman.
The concept of EI was further expanded by Salovey et al. For them, EI concerned the way a person processes information about emotions and emotional responses. These findings suggest that competencies such as empathy, learned optimism, and self-control contribute to important outcomes in the family, workplace, and other areas of life. More recently, EI in the workplace has been found to be an essential component in determining leadership effectiveness, especially when leaders are dealing with teams in the workplace. The use of EI gained prominence when Goleman’s research in this area highlighted the role of EI in organizations and gave increasing attention to EI. Overall, EI leaders inspire team members to work efficiently to achieve the organizational goal. The relationships between EI and its positive impact on the corporate world have been poorly studied.
Emotional intelligence taps into a fundamental element of human behavior that is different from your intellect. There is no known correlation between IQ and emotional intelligence; you simply cannot predict emotional intelligence based on a person’s intelligence. Intelligence is your ability to learn, and that is the same at age 15 as it is at age 50.
Emotional intelligence, on the other hand, is a flexible set of skills that can be acquired and improved through practice. Although some people are naturally more emotionally intelligent than others, you can develop high emotional intelligence even if you were not born with it.
Personality is the final piece of the puzzle. It is the stable “style” that defines each of us. Personality is the result of hard-wired preferences, such as a tendency toward introversion or extroversion. However, like IQ, personality cannot be used to predict emotional intelligence. Like IQ, personality is stable throughout life and does not change. IQ, Emotional intelligence and personality each cover a unique range and help explain what makes a person tick. Emotional intelligence is associated with achievement.
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