Learn Metaverse Technology Chapter 2 – The Powerful Technologies behind Metaverse
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The latest development of the Metaverse. Key technologies powering the metaverse Blockchain and cryptocurrencies. Augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR), artificial intelligence (AI), 3D reconstruction, Internet of Things (IoT)Challenges of the metaverse.
The metaverse is a concept for a 3D digital world. It consists of virtual spaces that you can explore with an avatar you create. In the metaverse you can play games, go shopping, meet with friends in a virtual cafe, work with your colleagues in a virtual office and much more. Some video games and work socialization tools have already integrated certain
Metaverse elements into their ecosystem, and cryptocurrency projects like Decentraland and The Sandbox have also made their digital world work. However, the Metaverse concept is relatively new, so most of its features are still under development.
Companies such as Facebook (now Meta), Microsoft and Nvidia have also begun developing their versions of the Metaverse. To provide an immersive virtual Metaverse experience, tech companies are using cutting-edge technologies to drive the development of the 3D world. These technologies include blockchain, augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR), 3D reconstruction, artificial intelligence (AI), and the Internet of Things (IoT).
The idea of a Metaverse originated with Neal Stephenson in 1992. In his science fiction novel Snow Crash, he envisioned an online world where people could use digital avatars to explore and escape the real world. Decades later, major technology companies have begun developing their own versions of a futuristic metaverse.
What is the metaverse and how are major companies on the technology front dealing with it. What is the metaverse? The metaverse is the concept of an online 3D digital world with virtual lands and objects. Imagine a world where you can work from the comfort of your home, visit virtual museums to see the latest artwork, or attend a virtual concert with other fans of a rock band.
Axie Infinity, The Sandbox, Decentraland have already integrated certain aspects of the Metaverse to bring various elements of our lives into online worlds. However, the metaverse is still in development. No one knows if there will be just one big, all-encompassing metaverse or multiple metaverses in which you can travel around. The idea is expected to expand beyond video games and social media platforms.
Remote work, decentralized management, and digital identity are just a few of the possible functions the metaverse can support. It can also become more multi-dimensional through connected VR headsets and glasses, so users can actually physically walk around to explore 3D spaces. The latest evolution of the Metaverse With Facebook’s renaming to Meta in October 2021, the Metaverse became the new favorite buzzword.
To match the renaming, the social media giant has poured resources into a new division called Reality Labs to spend at least $10 billion in 2021. The idea is to develop metaverse content, software and AR and VR headsets, which CEO Mark Zuckerberg says will be as widely used as smartphones in the future. The COVID -19 pandemic has also accelerated interest in metaverse development. Demand for interactive ways to connect with others has increased as more people work remotely. 3D virtual spaces where employees can attend meetings, share ideas and collaborate are on the rise.
Microsoft Mesh, unveiled in November 2021, is one example. It provides immersive spaces where users can meet and collaborate with their avatars, making remote team meetings more engaging and fun. The mobile game Pokémon Go ( AR ) was one of the first to use this concept, allowing players to hunt virtual Pokémons in the real world through a smartphone app. Fortnite, another popular game, has extended its product to various activities within its digital world, including hosting branded events and concerts. In addition to social media and gaming platforms, technology companies like Nvidia have opened up new opportunities in virtual worlds. Nvidia Omniverse is an open platform that connects 3D spaces into a shared universe to facilitate virtual collaboration between engineers, designers and creatives. It is currently being used in a variety of industries. BMW Group, for example, is using Omniverse to reduce production time and improve product quality through intelligent manufacturing.
Key Technologies for the Metaverse. To make the metaverse experience more immersive, companies are using cutting-edge technologies such as blockchain, augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR), 3D reconstruction, artificial intelligence (AI) and the Internet of Things (IoT) to power the 3D world.
Blockchain and cryptocurrency. Blockchain technology provides a decentralized and transparent solution for digital proof of ownership, digital collectability, value transfer, management, accessibility, and interoperability. Cryptocurrencies allow users to transfer value while working and socializing in the 3D digital world. For example, cryptocurrencies can be used to buy virtual land in Decentraland. Using the cryptocurrency MANA, players can purchase 16×16 meter plots in the form of non-fungible tokens (NFTs).
With the support of blockchain technology, ownership of these virtual lands can be proven and secured. As more companies move their offices online to work remotely, jobs may become available in the Metaverse.
But what is the difference between AR and VR? AR uses digital visual elements and characters to transform the real world. It is more accessible than VR and can be used on almost any smartphone or digital device with a camera. Through AR applications, users can view their surroundings with interactive digital images, similar to the mobile game Pokémon GO. When players open their phone’s camera, they can see Pokémons in the real environment. VR works differently. Similar to the Metaverse concept, it creates a fully computer-generated virtual environment. Users can then explore it using VR headsets, gloves and sensors. The workings of AR and VR show an early model of the Metaverse. VR is already creating a digital world that contains fictional visual content.
As the technology matures further, VR can extend the Metaverse experience to physical simulations using VR devices. Users will be able to feel, hear and interact with people from other parts of the world. Given the hype around the metaverse, we can expect to see more metaverse companies investing in the development of AR and VR in the near future.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has found wide application in our lives in recent years: Business strategy planning, decision making, facial recognition, faster computing, and more. Recently, AI experts have been looking at the possibilities of using AI in creating immersive metaverses. AI has the potential to process a large amount of data at lightning speed.
Combined with machine learning techniques, AI algorithms can learn from previous iterations and consider historical data to arrive at unique results and insights. Within the Metaverse, AI can be applied to non-player characters (NPCs) in a variety of scenarios. NPCs exist in almost every game. They are part of the game environment and are meant to respond to player actions.
With the processing capabilities of AI, NPCs can be placed in 3D spaces to have lifelike conversations with the user or perform other specific tasks. Unlike a human user, an AI NPC can run independently and be used by millions of players simultaneously. Another potential application for AI is the creation of metaverse avatars. AI engines can be used to analyze 2D images or 3D scans to create avatars that look more realistic and accurate. To make the process more dynamic, AI can also be used to create different facial expressions, hairstyles, clothing, and features to enhance the digital humans we create.
3D Reconstruction. Although not a new technology, the use of 3D reconstruction has increased during the pandemic, especially in the real estate industry as potential buyers have been unable to view properties in person due to lockdowns. As a result, some agencies have used 3D reconstruction technology to create virtual tours. Similar to the Metaverse we envisioned, buyers could look around potential new homes from anywhere and make purchases without even setting foot in the home.
One of the challenges for the Metaverse is to create a digital environment that is as close to our real world as possible. With the help of 3D reconstruction, realistic and natural-looking rooms can be created. Using specialized 3D cameras, we can map our world online by rendering accurate photorealistic 3D models of buildings, physical locations, and
objects. The 3D spatial data and 4K photography HD are then sent to computers that process them and create a virtual replica in the metaverse for users to experience. These virtual replicas of objects in the physical world can also be referred to as digital twins.
Internet of Things (IoT)The concept of the Internet of Things (IoT) was first introduced in 1999. Simply put, the IoT is a system that takes everything in our physical world and connects it to the Internet through sensors and devices. Once connected to the Internet, these devices have a unique identifier and the ability to automatically send or receive information.
Today, the IoT connects thermostats, voice-controlled speakers, medical devices and more to a variety of data. One of the applications of the IoT in the metaverse is to collect and provide data from the physical world. This would increase the accuracy of digital representations. For example, IoT data feeds could change how certain Metaverse objects operate based on current weather or other conditions. Implementing the IoT can seamlessly connect the 3D world to a large number of real-world devices. This enables the creation of real-time simulations in the Metaverse. To further optimize the Metaverse environment, the IoT could also use AI and machine learning to manage the collected data.
Challenges of the Metaverse. The Metaverse is still in the early stages of development. Challenges include identity authentication and privacy control. In the real world, it is often not difficult to identify someone. But as people move through the digital world in their avatars, it will be difficult to identify or prove who the other person is. For example, malicious actors or even bots could enter the metaverse and pretend to be someone else. They could then use this to damage their reputation or defraud other users.
Another challenge is privacy. The metaverse relies on AR and VR to provide an immersive experience. These technologies with camera capabilities and unique identifiers could eventually lead to unwanted leaks of personal information.
While the metaverse is still in development, many companies are already exploring its potential. In the cryptocurrency space, Decentraland and The Sandbox are notable projects, but large companies like Microsoft, Nvidia, and Facebook are also getting involved. With the advances of AR, VR and AI technologies, we are likely to see exciting new features in these virtual, borderless worlds.
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